The control and management of invasive species is a key factor in managing and maintaining healthy and productive wildlife habitats. Wildlife and Wetlands Solutions is devoted to, and specializes in, invasive species control. We take pride in working side by side with private landowners, private companies and governmental agencies to most effectively and efficiently accomplish your wildlife habitat goals with minimal impact to non-target species and the surrounding native habitat.

 

Wildlife and Wetlands Solutions staff of trained specialists is skilled in all aspects of invasive species and noxious plant control.  Our staff includes certified herbicide applicators capable of aquatic or terrestrial environments, large or small scale, and may require a combination of techniques: herbicide application, mechanical removal, prescribed burning, and biological control methods.   In all cases, our intent is to minimize the impacts on the environment while successfully removing invasive species.

Phragmites

shoreline

Shoreline invaded by phragmites.

 

 

Large equipment mowing

Dense Phragmites stands after herbicide treatment are mowed with large equipment. Treatment before stands are large is beneficial.

 

Phragmites australis (also known as common reed) is a tall, perennial grass that produces a brown or reddish seed head in late August.  Phragmites is highly invasive in aquatic habitats, including shorelines, ponds, marshes, and wetlands.  It produces rhizomes that travel up to 200 feet from the original stand, sending roots down every 8-12 inches to create larger and more dense stands.  If left uncontrolled, phragmites creates dense stands, sometimes up to miles long and hundreds of feet wide.

Field evaluation

After Phragmites treatment, quantitative measurements are done to determine effectiveness.

Our staff at Wildlife and Wetlands Solutions are the leading experts on Phragmites control. Along with a combined 70 years of wildlife habitat management experience, two members of our staff were directly involved in ground breaking, large-scale research that has furthered our knowledge towards the most effective strategy to control Phragmites. Our experience as a team has only grown since then.  In 2016, over 1,800 acres of Phragmites was treated in Michigan and Wisconsin combined.

 

Spotted Knapweed

34795920_sSpotted knapweed is a highly invasive plant in prairies, fields, shorelines, and other dry, open areas.  Herbicide treatment can be highly effective, although regular maintenance is usually necessary.  Spotted knapweed produces and releases chemicals that inhibit the growth of all other plants, especially native species.  Once spotted knapweed is controlled, and the chemicals are no longer released, the native plants are no longer inhibiting growth and native plants can flourish.

 

 

Garlic Mustard

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Garlic mustard before hand pulling.

Garlic mustard after hand pulling.

Garlic mustard after hand pulling.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Garlic mustard can be hand pulled for smaller, high quality areas or treated with herbicide in large acreages or in areas with restoration plans for planting or in low quality areas, where invasive control is desired.

Purple Loosestrife

Gallerucia beetles for purple loosestrife control.

Gallerucella spp. beetles for purple loosestrife control.

Purple loosestrife is also an aquatic invasive species, covering large acreages in marshy areas.  Herbicide is not the most effective treatment and Wildlife and Wetlands Solutions recommends biological control, leaf-eating Galerucella beetles.  Beetles are released on healthy purple loosestrife plants in the environment and then monitored for reproduction.  Leaf-eating beetles inhibit the growth of the purple loosestrife and limit flower and seed production.  As Gallerucella reproduces, the population increases and can control large stands of purple loosestrife.

Wildlife and Wetlands Solutions treats many invasive species with various methods, depending on timing, size, and density.  Species include glossy buckthorn, autumn olive, reed canary grass, narrow-leaf cattail, bladder campion, sweet clover, sweet woodruff, Japanese knotweed, kudzu, myrtle, honeysuckle, etc.  Different invasive species are treated and handled in different ways, including herbicide treatment, cut stump, and/or hand pulling.  Call or email for additional information about control activities and restoration potential for your property!